Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR)

SAR Convention 1979

The 1979 Convention, adopted at a Conference in Hamburg, was aimed at developing an international SAR plan, so that, no matter where an accident occurs, the rescue of persons in distress at sea will be coordinated by a SAR organization and, when necessary, by co-operation between neighboring SAR organizations.

 Although the obligation of ships to go to the assistance of vessels in distress was enshrined both in tradition and in international treaties (such as the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974), there was, until the adoption of the SAR Convention, no international system covering search and rescue operations. In some areas there was a well-established organization able to provide assistance promptly and efficiently, in others there was nothing at all.

 The technical requirements of the SAR Convention are contained in an Annex, which was divided into five Chapters. Parties to the Convention are required to ensure that arrangements are made for the provision of adequate SAR services in their coastal waters. Parties are encouraged to enter into SAR agreements with neighboring States involving the establishment of SAR regions, the pooling of facilities, establishment of common procedures, training and liaison visits. The Convention states that Parties should take measures to expedite entry into its territorial waters of rescue units from other Parties. Due to Iran's long coastline (more than 2500 Km), Islamic Republic of Iran was joint to SAR convention in October 26, 1968. According to IMO standards, an independent agency should take responsibility for implementing this convention. In Islamic Republic of Iran, this task was assigned to the Ports and Maritime Organization. Therefore, this organization has established a search and rescue center. Due to the high costs of establishing an independent search and rescue center, this center was established with the co-operation of division and state agencies.


The benefits of maritime search and rescue operations

Ø  Creating a safe environment for industries related to maritime, aviation, tourism, research, etc.

Ø  Providing peace of mind for close relatives of the vessel's crew and passengers

Ø  Reduced liability and freight insurance in the shipping industry

Ø  Protection and sovereign of the state waters

Ø  Reduced loss of life and property damage

Ø  Positive publicity for the country




Equipment’s and Facilities of Chabahar Port SAR Center:

Ø  A 20 meter SAR boat (Naji 5)

Ø  Search and rescue RIB

Ø  Three Auxiliary SAR motor vessels distributed over the protection area (Konarak, Passabandar, Zar Abad )

Ø  One SIKORSKY 3D-SH helicopter (Renting contract with Iranian Navy)


Ø  Daily weather forecast

Ø  NAVTEX Receiver



Ø  Phone Pach

Ø  on-call doctor for medical advice and emergency



Future Plans

Ø  Auxiliary SAR cooperation agreement with Chabahar Diving Club

Ø  Upgrading the organizational structure level of the center

Ø  Equipping Marine Search and Rescue Centers to rescue boats

Ø  Joint maneuvering with regional countries

Ø  Create search and rescue database

Ø  Preparing of agreements with coastal provinces hospitals


MF/HF System


VHF System





Coverage area of Chabahar MRCC

Introducing the International Air and Maritime Search and Rescue (IAMSAR) Manual

The first aim of the publication of three volumes of IAMSAR Manual can be cited as follows:

Helping countries to host search and rescue meetings and address needs, and observing laws under the following conventions to which they are joined:

Ø  Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation

Ø  International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR)

Ø  International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS)

Furthermore, developing a manual to apply common air and sea approaches for organizing the search and rescue services was also intended.

Volume I: Organization and management

Ø  The concept of a global system for search and rescue

Ø  Establishing and improving national and regional search and rescue systems

Ø  Cooperation with neighboring countries to provide effective and economic search and rescue services

 Volume 2: Operations coordination

Ø  Assisting staff who plan and coordinate search and rescue operations and exercises

Volume 3: Mobile features

Ø  It refers to carrying tools on rescue units, aircrafts or vessels for search and rescue or providing instructions of the mission coordinator at the scene


Contact Information of Chabahar MRCC


Phone Number

Fax Number

Phone Number